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In this article we will learn how to deploy static website using docker container. we will use nginx for web server testing.

Create docker file : 

To deploy static website we will have to create one docker file to run website. in docker file we will add some text to perform tasks. copy the content below and paste in your docker file.

Create directory called docker [you can create any]
#mkdir /docker

Create docker file in to docker directory and add below context.
#vim dockerfile

FROM nginx:alpine
COPY . /usr/share/nginx/html

save file.

1. it will download nginx latest from docker hub.
2. copy all context from working directory to /usr/share/nginx/html.

#touch index.html
<h1>Hellow this is my website</h1>

and save the file.

Now we will build the docker image. from the build command it will execute each instruction which we have added in docker file.

root@master:/docker# docker build -t mywebserver:v1 .
Sending build context to Docker daemon 3.072 kB
Step 1/2 : FROM nginx:alpine
alpine: Pulling from library/nginx
ff3a5c916c92: Pull complete
d81b148fab7c: Pull complete
f9fe12447daf: Pull complete
ad017fd52da2: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:4a85273d1e403fbf676960c0ad41b673c7b034204a48cb32779fbb2c18e3839d
Status: Downloaded newer image for nginx:alpine
 ---> bc7fdec94612
Step 2/2 : COPY . /usr/share/nginx/html
 ---> 86c5b4596840
Removing intermediate container 8a769ed68528
Successfully built 86c5b4596840

Now you can see that build is success and downloaded nginx. we will check image using below command.

root@master:/docker# docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED              SIZE
mywebserver         v1                  86c5b4596840        About a minute ago   18 MB

Now we will run the image and launch the container from the image. i will bind it port to 9090 as i have already use 80.

root@master:/docker# docker run -d -p 9090:80 mywebserver:v1

i have define name of container [mywebserver and tag v1]

Now you can see that our container is running. 

root@master:/docker# docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED             STATUS              PORTS                  NAMES
31e18bf6c033        mywebserver:v1      "nginx -g 'daemon ..."   37 seconds ago      Up 35 seconds>80/tcp   amazing_clarke

Now you can check from web browser using host IP.

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